Education: National Education Policy 2020 has been released

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Education: National Education Policy 2020 has been released

New Education Policy of India

Thursday, 30th July 2020

The approval for India's new National Education Policy 2020 has been given by the Union Cabinet on Wednesday. The new changes made in higher education might improve the lives of students by giving them a lot of options.


Prakash Javadekar announced, “Cabinet under Prime Minister Narendra Modi has given approval to new education policy for the 21st century. It is important, as for 34 years there were no changes in the education policy”. The Ministry of Human Resource Development will be renamed as the Ministry of Education, he said.


After 5 years of discussion with the public and stakeholders the NEP 2020 has implemented the changes in higher and early education system. The policy targets 100% literacy rate for youth and adults in India. Amit Khare, Secretary of Higher Education stated that the main goal of the government is to boost education sector’s public investment from present 4.3% to 6% as soon as possible.


Universal Access

There will be universal access to school education under the NEP 2020- from preschool to secondary. Innovative education centres, infrastructure backing, analyzing the ability of the students to learn and providing them with platforms to learn formal and non-formal education. Classes 3, 5 and 8 will be given open learning via NIOS and State Open Schools, adult literacy, life-enrichment programs, vocational courses and secondary education programs at par with Grades 10 and 12. The Centre aims to get about 2 crore dropout students back in to the mainstream.


Early Childhood Care & Education

10+2 model will be replaced with 5+3+3+4 curricular structure for 3-8, 8-11, 11-14, and 14-18 years of age respectively. The children of age group 3-6 years are going to be considered as crucial for mental aptitude development and will be under school syllabus. 12 years of schooling with preschool/Anganwadi of 3 years will be the constituent of new system. A structure for early childhood education will be provided by NCERT till 8 years of age.


Attaining Foundational Literacy and Numeracy

The MHRD will arrange for a National Mission on Foundational Literacy and Numeracy. By 2025, states will formulate implementation plan to achieve universal foundational literacy and numeracy for all students by grade 3 in all primary schools. A National Book Promotion Policy is going to be created.


Reforms in School Curricula and Pedagogy

A holistic school curricula and pedagogy will be formulated. The focus will be on experimental learning and there will be reduced curricular content. Students can choose their subjects and there will not be strict segregation between sciences and arts, between curriculum oriented and co-curricular activities and between academic and vocational courses. From grade 6, vocational courses will be offered in schools, including internships.


Multilingualism and the Power of Language

Mother tongue/regional/local languages will be encouraged to be the medium of instruction until grade 5, preferably till grade 8 under the NEP 2020. Sanskrit will be an option at all levels, also in the three-language format. Indian classical languages and literatures will also be provided as options. No compulsion of any language will be made on the students. Foreign languages will be offered at secondary level.


Assessment Reforms

There will be competency-based assessment of conceptual clarity and critical thinking rather than summative assessment under NEP 2020. Grades 3,5 and 8 will have school exams while grades 10 and 12 will have Board exams. But holistic development of the students will be the base for evaluation.

PARAKH (Performance Assessment, Review, and Analysis of Knowledge for Holistic Development), a new National Assessment Centre will be established as the body to set standard.


Equitable and Inclusive Education

Special Education Zones and Gender Inclusion Fund will be established for the deprived sectors. Children having disabilities can take part in normal schooling and they will be given cross-disability training, accommodations, assistive devices, resource centres and other support systems customized for them.


To know more about Higher Education and other key features of NEP 2020, click here IndiaToday 



Source: India Today

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