Dragon man

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Researches discover a Dragon Man Specimen skull

The Dragon Man specimen represents a human group.

Monday, 28th June 2021


The research team claimed that it is the closest evolutionary relative of the ancient human species that we know of (such as Neanderthals and Homo erectus).

The specimen nicknamed "Dragon Man" represents the human population that lived in East Asia at least 146,000 years ago.

It was discovered in Harbin, in northeast China, in 1933, but has only recently attracted the attention of scientists.

An analysis of the skull has been published in the magazine "Innovation".

One of the UK's leading experts on human evolution, Professor Chris Stringer of the Natural History Museum in London is a member of the research team.

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"In terms of fossils in the last million years, this is one of the most important fossils discovered so far," he told the BBC.

"What you have here is a separate human branch. It will not become Homo sapiens (our species), but it represents a long-term independent lineage that has evolved in the region over hundreds of thousands of years and eventually became extinct."

The researchers said that this discovery can rewrite the history of human evolution. His analysis shows that he has a closer relationship with Homo sapiens than with Neanderthals.

They assigned the specimen to a new species: Homo longi, which comes from the Chinese "dragon", which means dragon.

"We have found a sister lineage that has been separated for many years," said Ni Xijun, a professor at the Chinese Academy of Sciences and Hebei University of Geosciences in Shijiazhuang.

He told BBC News: "I said 'OMG!' I can't believe it's so well preserved. You can see all the details. This is truly an amazing discovery!"

Average skull with other human species In comparison, the skull is huge. His brain is about the size of our human beings.

Longren have large eye sockets, square near sides, thick eyebrows, largemouth, and too large teeth. Ji Qiang, a professor at the Hebei University of Geosciences, said that this is one of the most complete early human skull fossils discovered so far.

"It has a mosaic combination of original features and more modern features, unlike all other human species," the researchers explained.

Scientists believe that the dragon man is very strong and strong in structure. But little is known about his life because his skull has been removed from the place where it was found.

This means that there is no archaeological record, such as stone tools or other cultural items.

According to reports, in 1933, a construction worker found this skull while helping to build a bridge over the Songhua River in Harbin, Heilongjiang Province, which means Heilong River, which is where the new human's name comes from was occupied by Japan at the time. Doubting its cultural value, Chinese workers smuggled it home to prevent it from falling into the hands of the occupiers. He hid it at the bottom of the well in his house and kept it there for about 80 years. The man told his family about the skull before he died, so it ended up in the hands of scientists.

Dragon Man joined some unclassified early human remains found in China. These include the remains of Dali, Jinniu Mountain, Hualong Cave, and Xiahe Jaw on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau.

There has been an intense debate as to whether these remains represent Homo sapiens, Neanderthals, an early example of a human group called Denisovans, or something else entirely. 4,444 Denisovans were first identified from DNA extracted from 50,000-30,000-year-old finger bones found in Denisovan Cave, Russia. Since the remains related to this sister lineage of Neanderthals are highly fragmented, the group is described as "looking for the genome of fossil records."

Cambridge University Professor Marta Mirazon Lahr believes that dragons are actually Denisovans.

"Denisovans are a fascinating and mysterious group in the past. There is a suggestion (from DNA evidence) that the jaw found on the Qinghai-Tibet plateau may be a Denisovan," he said. "And now, because the Tibetan chin looks exactly the same as the dragon, we can have the first face of the Denisovan."

Recently announced details of the Israeli remnants belonging to the possible predecessor species of the Neanderthals. A group believes that the dragon people may be the descendants of the first humans to appear in the Levant.

But Chinese researchers believe that the difficulty to classify fossils from East Asia represents the gradual evolution of a new species. To those who disagree with this evaluation, Professor Ni responded kindly.

"The result will cause a lot of controversies, and I am pretty sure that many people will disagree with our views," he said.

"But this is a science because we do not agree with the progress of science."

 

The News Talkie Bureau

Source:

bbc.com


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